All articles are original work by Watch Ponder. In the course of writing original articles, Watch Ponder references the academic work of others to establish new theses or points of view. When WP has referred to the work of others in the course of an article, they will be quoted and/or properly cited to give appropriate credit to original authors for their words or contribution of ideas.

All photos are Watch Ponder original photos except where noted in the text and/or photo caption. When able, photos from Creative Commons are used under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Watch Ponder is Copyrighted Material

All original works by Watch Ponder are covered under U.S. Copyright law and are considered Copyright Watch Ponder. Under U.S. law, a copyright:

Protects original works of authorship including literary, dramatic, musical, and artistic works, such as poetry, novels, movies, songs, computer software, and architecture. Copyright does not protect facts, ideas, systems, or methods of operation, although it may protect the way these things are expressed.

Work is under copyright protection the moment it is created and fixed in a tangible form that it is perceptible either directly or with the aid of a machine or device.

A Copyright means Watch Ponder retains and is not limited to the following exclusive rights to works (in accordance with 17 U.S. Code § 101) – See this website to learn more:

– “To reproduce the copyrighted work in copies” (This includes reposting the article in entirety on other sites)

– “To prepare derivative works based upon the copyrighted work”

– “To distribute copies or phonorecords of the copyrighted work to the public by sale”

– “To display the copyrighted work publicly” (This includes reposting the article in entirety on other sites)

Referencing or Using Watch Ponder Articles or Pictures

Reproduction of Watch Ponder articles in their entirety (or to the extent that the majority of the article is presented elsewhere) is not authorized and a violation of U.S. Copyright law.

Quoting of Watch Ponder articles with proper attribution is appreciated and encouraged under “Fair Use” laws so long as the majority of the article is not reproduced. What is Fair Use?

It is usually considered fair use of an authored work to take small quotations or excerpts and to include them in another workas when quotations are taken from a book and inserted into a book review.

When does it become copyright infringement?

An infringer is not relieved of liability by crediting the source or the creator of the infringed work. Although infringement does not require that even a large portion of the work be similar, it does require that a substantial part be similar. It is irrelevant if the copied work is an improvement of the original work.

Watch Ponder original photos may be reproduced elsewhere with proper attribution given and a referral link to

If you have any questions as to whether you may use Watch Ponder materials, please contact Watch Ponder.


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